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Training for pwc drivers

for testing (assessment) of knowledge of the small craft drivers

(in accordance with paragraph 3.10 and Appendix 5 of Regulation on Procedure
for issuance of the Certificate of Small Craft Driver, approved by the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine of 07.05.2013 No. 283, registered with the Ministry of Justice on 29.05.2013 № 831/23363)

1. Pwc
Concept of personal watercraft as vehicle
Design of personal watercraft, weight, passenger capacity.
Main dimensions of the personal watercraft.
Rescue equipment
Definition of "unsinkability".
Definition of "stability". Maneuverability of the personal watercraft
Seaworthy qualities of personal watercraft. Sailability. Controllability.
Inertia quality and their impact on control.
Buoyancy reserve.
Design support of the personal watercraft flood-control .
Planting, roll trim.
Conditions for equilibrium of floating watercraft.
What information should be included on pwc board?
Water, air resistance to personal watercraft movement .
Options for rapid deceleration.
Pitching of personal watercraft.
Classification, registration of personal watercraft.
General system of layout, placement and designation of details and main indicators - engine, jet engine, cooling system, ignition, electric, rechargeable battery.
Fuel and lubricant tanks. Fuel and lubricants used.
Purpose, structure and principle of the various components and elements of the steering actuator.
Rules of technical operation of steering gear.
Fuel system.
Oil system.
Purpose, elements, structure, marking of craft pipelines

2. Inland waterways sailing directions
River sailing directions. General information about rivers, reservoirs, lakes
Basic terms and concepts.
Effects of current on the hull. Vessel control subject to the current.
River rapids and bars. Features of sailing in dangerous areas.
Shoals. Their impact on the craft control.
Features of changing the direction of water flow near the waterworks.
Hydrological, wind and wave regime of rivers and reservoirs.
Features of sailing in autumn-winter period.
Use of the "River Atlas...." while navigating the SC
Symbols and abbreviation used on the river atlases
Navigational conditions on the river reservoir.

3.Marine sailing directions
Aids to navigation and maritime sailing directions
Cardinal and lateral system of danger enclosures.
Signs of cardinal and lateral system.
Axial system and its signs.
Determination and application of special-purpose signs.
Floating aids to navigation - lightship, pillar bacon, buoy, seamark.

4. Rules of navigation on inland waterways.
Content and sections of the rules of navigation on inland waterways of Ukraine
Features of passing other vessels.
Rules for passage of dangerous areas.
Documents required for IW navigating.
Local rules for IW navigation.
Navigation in area with a speed limit on IW
Navigation in areas of recreation places of people and berthing walls at the limited speeds.

5. Rules for use of water bodies for sailing on SC
Organization of rescue operations on water bodies and the sea
Rules of navigation on inland waterways.
Rules for use of small crafts and crafts on water bodies
Resolutions and decisions of regional councils
Distance from shore set for SC.
Sinking pwc on the water and lifting out of the water.

Responsibility for violation of the rules
What lights and signs are applied in COLREGS-72
What signals should SC have navigating in the dark?
Signals of trouble at sea.


8. Main provisions of binding seaports regulations
Main provisions of mandatory seaportports
Definition of "Seaport marine waters"
Permission to approach port facilities regulations.
Definition of "Seaport outer waters"
Boundaries of liability of sea and river s
Speed mode of navigation in ports.
Port signaling and traffic control facilities in ports.
Port services regulating traffic in ports.

9. SC usage rules
Duties of the SC operator (captain)
Secure methods of SC control (maneuvering).
Procedure for embarking and disembarking.
Procedure for planning the transition between different points.
Getting information about meteorological situation and water level.
Use of emergency equipment
Preparation of search charts.

10. Navigation
Pwc navigation at very rough sea.
Special navigation terms. .
Effect of wind and currents on the craft route. .
Navigational hazard, topography of the seabed, wrecks, temporary.
Drift of the craft.
Stern action on the front and rear movement. .
Proper visual and auditory inspection. .
Towing of one small crafts and more. .
Approach, departure from equipped berth and non- equipped shore with a variety of weather conditions.
Maneuver "Man Overboard".
Rescuing man who fell overboard.
Helping sinking craft, methods for people removal.

11. Structure of the internal combustion engine
Ship engines, drivers and their operation.
Classification and principle of propulsive engines.
Starting SC engine.
Operating SC engine.
Workflow in two-stroke and four-stroke engines.
Mixing in internal combustion engines.
Short specifications. Power
Preparation of engine for operation.
Maintenance during operation.
Mothballing and preserving.
Safety when servicing engines.

12. Safety and environmental protection
Lifting from the water of victims.
Purpose of personal rescue on water (floating devices, life jackets, flotation rings).
Standards for SC provision with individual rescue equipment
Devices for lowering, lifting boats and rafts.
Rules for rescue equipment operation.
Individual rescue equipment.
Providing first aid
Protection of life on the water.
Procedures during emergency situations.
Procedure when rescuing the sinking people.
Use of individual rescue equipment.
Pyrotechnical devices.
Flares and their use.
Main causes of death.
Actions of victims that fell into the water. Rescue of the sinking.
Methods to rescue and provide first aid to the victim
Withdrawal from shock. Artificial respiration.
First aid kit on board.
Accident rate of small crafts
Actions of SC operator in identifying leakage of oil products.
Fire safety.
Types of fire extinguishers and procedure for use.
Rules for fire extinguishing.

13. General knowledge of weather conditions and SC control on the basis of wind, currents, their interaction and the minimum depth under the keel.
Restrictions on the use of personal watercraft due to meteorological factors.
Main signs of weather changes for improvement.
Main signs of the of weather deterioration.
Basics of meteorology navigation.
Knowing weather conditions.
Actions when approaching the squall
Value of meteorology for navigation.
Wind. True and imaginary.
Local winds - breezes, hair dryer, boron, tornadoes, droughts
Clouds. Weather forecasting.
Composition and temperature of sea water
Currents. Sea currents. Wind and drift.
Navigation of small crafts in the waves
Methods of the craft control in a variety of conditions corrected by wind power, current, their interaction and the minimum depth under the keel


14. SC practical navigation
Action of forces on the front crossbar. Action of forces on the rear crossbar. Action of forces at change of the movement from front to back or vice versa
Management of small craft with water-jet engine
Approach to unequipped coast and leaving it in calm weather
Navigation of small crafts in harbors and roads
Operation of the pwc.
Control of pwc (jet skis) in different conditions.
Principle of the rudder action on the craft.
Wind force center.
Implementation of turns.
Elimination of consequences of rollover
Removal of the pwc from the shallows using heeling, colliding.
Embarkation on the pwc from the berth.
Embarkation from the shoal
Embarkation from water.
Maintenance of stability
Actions in case of fall from the pwc.
Safety when performing turns.

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