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Training of drivers of motor vessels (boats)

for testing (assessment) of knowledge of the small craft driver

(in accordance with paragraph 3.10 and Appendix 5 of Regulation on Procedure
for issuance of the Certificate of Small Craft Driver, approved by the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine of 07.05.2013 No. 283, registered with the Ministry of Justice on 29.05.2013 № 831/23363)

1. Structure of small craft (SC)
Definition of "small craft"
Main dimensions of the vessel
Main elements of the ship hull. Ship hull systems hull.
SC structures
Design features of inflatable boats
Strength of the hull. Forces acting on the hull
SC equipment
Craft maneuverability. Controllability.
Inertia qualities and their impact on control.
Stock buoyancy.
Design support of the craft flood-control.
Fit, roll trim
What information should be included on the SC board?
Painting and hull works.
Options for rapid deceleration.
Design of the extremities, bottom, side.
Impermeability and tightness test of the hull..
Qualifying Company "Shipping Register of Ukraine" and its function.
SC classification, registration.

Steering gear.
Assignment, classification, title.
Steerage post.
Hinged rudder, its parts.
Rules of technical operation of steering gear.
Fendering system.

Rangout and rigging of small crafts
Vegetable, synthetic and metal ropes, their usage.
Lifting chains, classification, design, usage, storage and maintenance, use, care and preservation.
Care for ropes, storage.

2. Inland waterways sailing directions
River sailing directions. General information about rivers, reservoirs, lakes
Basic terms and concepts.
Effects of current on the hull. Vessel control subject to the current.
Features of changing the direction of water flow near the waterworks..
Hydrological, wind and wave regime of rivers and reservoirs..
Features of sailing in autumn-winter period.
Shipping conditions on the river, reservoir.

3.Marine sailing directions
Aids to navigation and maritime sailing directions
Signs of cardinal and lateral system.
Axial system and its signs.
Determination and application of special-purpose signs.
Floating aids to navigation - lightship, pillar bacon, buoy, seamark.

4. Rules of navigation on inland waterways.
Content and sections of the rules of navigation on inland waterways of Ukraine
Rules for passage of dangerous areas.
Rules of vessel admission and priority when passing dangerous and enclosed sailing areas.
Regulation of movement in approach channels to gateways.
Determining the height under bridges and power transmission lines.
Determination of the anchoring sites and places of anchoring prohibition.  
Documents required for IW navigating.
Local rules for IW navigation.
Navigation in area with a speed limit on IW
Navigation in areas of recreation places of people and berthing walls at the limited speeds.

5. Rules for use of water bodies for sailing on SC
Organization of rescue operations on water bodies and the sea
Rules of navigation on inland waterways.
Rules for use of small crafts and crafts on water bodies
Resolutions and decisions of regional councils
Distance from shore set for SC.
Sinking ship on the water and lifting out of the water

6. Rules for admission of the ships through the gateways.
Rules of navigation through the gateways.
Permission for entering the approach channel to the gateway.
Swimming on derivation (approach) channel to the gateway.
Waiting for locking.
Entering the gateway. Leaving the gateway.
Locking process.
Signals that regulate the movement in the gateway.

Responsibility for violation of the rules
What lights and signs are applied in COLREGS-72?
What are the figures risen in daytime according to COLREGS-72?
What signals should SC have navigating in the dark?
Signals of trouble at sea.

8. Main provisions of binding seaport regulations
Main provisions of mandatory seaport regulations.
Permission to approach port facilities
Speed mode of navigation in ports.
Port signaling and traffic control facilities in ports.
Port services regulating traffic in ports.

9. SC usage rules
Duties of the SC operator (captain)
Secure methods of SC control (maneuvering).
Procedure for embarking and disembarking.
Procedure for planning the transition between different points.
Getting information about meteorological situation and water level.
Assistance to the ship that suffered a disaster, emergency evacuation of the ship,

10. Navigation
SC navigation using a compass.
SC navigation in rough water.
Options for ship approach to berth
Mooring of the ships to berth, side of other vessels
Mooring to mooring drums
Mooring using anchors.
Deberthing of ships, options for departure of the ships from mooring site..
Effect of wind and currents on the ship route.
Navigational hazard, topography, wrecks
Stern action on the front and rear movement.
Tugging of one small crafts and more.
Removal of the ship from the shoal.
Rescuing man overboard.
Departure from the birth at wringing and anti tipping wind with the nose and the astern, subject to the direction of current
Approach to the birth and mooring at wringing and anti tipping wind subject to the direction of current

11. Navigation
Marine navigation basics.
Determination of the SC position in coastal landmarks and safe choice of course.
Magnetic compass.
Use of electronic mapping and satellite systems.

12. Structure of the internal combustion engine
Ship engines, drivers and operation.
Outboard engines.
Starting SC engine.
Operating SC engine.
Power. General design.
Fixing to the hull.
Preparation of engine for operation
Maintenance during operation.
Canning and preserving.
Safety when servicing engines.
Battery pack and its maintenance.
Identification and signal lights.

13. Safety and environmental protection
Lifting from the water of victims in SC.
Purpose of personal rescue on water (floating devices, life jackets, flotation rings).
Standards for SC provision with individual rescue equipment .
Rules for rescue equipment operation.
Individual rescue equipment.
Providing first aid.
Rescuing victims.
Safety, preparation of hands and clothing, room to work with resins and use of a variety of paints, varnishes, putties and soil.
Use of individual rescue equipment.
Pyrotechnical devices.
Main causes of death.
Methods to rescue and provide first aid to the victim
Withdrawal from shock. Artificial respiration.
First aid kit on board.
Accident rate of small crafts
Actions of SC operator in identifying leakage of oil products.
Fire safety.
Types of fire extinguishers and procedure for use.
Rules for fire extinguishing.

14. General knowledge of weather conditions and SC control on the basis of wind, currents, their interaction and the minimum depth under the keel.
Restrictions on the use of motor vessels due to meteorological factors.
Knowing weather conditions.
Actions when approaching the squall.
Wind. True and imaginary.
Local winds - breezes, hair dryer, boron, tornadoes, droughts
Clouds. Weather forecasting.
Currents. Sea currents. Wind and drift.
Signs of ice fields approaching.
Restrictions on the use of SC due to weather conditions.
Navigation of small crafts in the waves and in the storm
Navigation of small crafts in storm conditions


15. Determination of SC position and choice of the safe course
Methods for detection of SC position at sea by coastal landmarks.
Determination of position using handheld GPS navigator.
Positioning using electronic cartography.
Choosing a safe course corrected for wind and current.
Keeping the ship on course.

16. SC practical navigation.
Action of forces on the front crossbar. Action of forces on the rear crossbar. Action of forces at change of the movement from front to back or vice versa
Navigation of small crafts with water-jet engine
Approach to unequipped coast and leaving it in calm weather
Approach to other drifting vessel. Approach to other moving vessel
Navigation of small crafts in poor visibility
Navigation of small crafts in harbors and roads
Principle of the rudder action on the ship.
Embarkation to SC from the berth.
Embarkation from shoal
Embarkation from water.
Maintenance of stability
Safety of turns.

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